What is considered cultural property in Peru?
According to Article 1.1 of Law No. 28296 of 2004, movable cultural property includes collections and individual items of zoology, botany, mineralogy and specimens of paleontological interest; goods of historical value; archaeological finds; monuments and sites of archaeological, historical or artistic value; inscriptions, medals, coins, documents, ancient weapons and musical instruments of historical or artistic value; ethnological material; goods of artistic interest such as paintings, sculptures, musical compositions and poems; manuscripts, Incunabula, ancient books, printed and handwritten documents, photographs, negatives and publications of particular interest due to their historical, artistic, scientific or literary value; stamps of philatelic interest; objects and ornaments of liturgical use, candelabra.
What are the export regulations?
According to Article 33 of Law No. 28296, there is a general ban on the export of movable objects that are part of the ‘cultural property of the nation’. Article 34 defines some exceptions: Movable cultural property can be temporarily executed in special cases for exhibitions and for scientific, artistic and cultural purposes. This also applies to investigations and restorations that cannot be carried out in Peru. Temporary export is also possible for at least one year. An extension for another year can be applied for once.
What sanctions are there?
According to Article 228, illegal exports and the destruction of ‘cultural property of the nation’ are punishable by imprisonment of three to eight years and a fine of 180 to 365 per day.