What is considered cultural property in Germany?
A license is required for the export of cultural property from the European Union. This authorization may be refused if the cultural property concerned falls within the scope of legislation protecting national cultural property of artistic, historical or archaeological value of the Member State concerned.
What are the export regulations?
According to the German Act on the Protection of Cultural Property of 2016, the export of cultural property is prohibited in various cases: if a procedure for registration as nationally valuable cultural property has been initiated for the object and has not yet been decided on; if there is no export license; if the cultural property was unlawfully imported into Germany, or if it was secured on suspicion of unlawful import or export. In addition, exports are prohibited if they violate European Union regulations.
What sanctions are there?
The penalties are determined and implemented by each Member State.