What is considered cultural property in Egypt?
The cultural heritage of Egypt includes products of the Egyptian civilization or one of the subsequent civilizations; works of art, science, literature or religious works created on Egyptian soil from prehistoric times to over 100 years ago; objects of historical importance for the Egyptian civilization or of archaeological or artistic value. Mummified human and animal remains are also included. The Ministry of Antiquities may declare objects of scientific, religious, artistic or literary value as cultural property if there is a public interest.
What are the export regulations?
Since 1983, antiquities are generally not allowed to be exported from Egypt. Temporary export for exhibition purposes is possible with authorization.
What sanctions are there?
The illegal export of cultural property is punishable by a fine of 100,000 to 1,000,000 Egyptian pounds and the theft of an antiquity by a fine of 50,000 to 100,000 Egyptian pounds. Illegal trafficking is punishable by one to seven years in prison. Property damage, including unauthorized excavations, is subject to a fine of 50,000 to 100,000 Egyptian pounds.